List of approved contraceptives-Birth Control Chart | FDA

Skip to main content. Types of contraceptives The follow are recognised as modern methods of contraception by the World Health Organisation. Contains two hormones estrogen and progestogen. Read more. Progestogen-only pills POPs or "the minipill".

List of approved contraceptives

List of approved contraceptives

Some types of contraception may not be suitable for some people. One patch is applied each week for every three weeks, then usually followed by a patch-free week. Subscribe to List of approved contraceptives newsletters. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. However, sometimes hormonal contraceptives may also be prescribed to: Help with acne control Help regulate periods Prevent ovulation and pregnancy in women with primary ovarian insufficiency POI Reduce pain and cramping during menstruation Reduce the symptoms of endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome PCOSpremenstrual syndrome or premenstrual dysphoric disorder PMDD.

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Excess estrogen, such as from birth control pills, appears to increase cholesterol levels in contracepttives and decrease gallbladder movement, which can lead to gallstones. The ulipristal ECP can be used within five days of unprotected sex. One is inserted into the vagina before intercourse. Horny butts avoid pregnancy: No matter which method you choose, it is important to follow all of the directions carefully. COCs prevent pregnancy by inhibiting the normal process of ovulation the release of an egg from an ovary and by altering the lining of the uterus the endometrium so Grandmas violets it is unable List of approved contraceptives support a fertilized egg. During the next 3 months, scar tissue forms around the inserts and blocks the fallopian tubes so that sperm cannot reach an egg. Not very reliable. A pill that has two hormones estrogen and a progestin to stop the ovaries contraceptoves releasing eggs It also thickens the cervical mucus, which keeps sperm from getting to the egg. Vaginal Contraceptive List of approved contraceptives What is it? Contraception is the deliberate use of a medicine, device, or a technique to prevent pregnancy that has the potential to happen during sexual intercourse.

If you do not want to get pregnant, there are many birth control options to choose from.

  • There are many different types of contraception, but not all types are appropriate for all situations.
  • Contraception is the deliberate use of a medicine, device, or a technique to prevent pregnancy that has the potential to happen during sexual intercourse.
  • The U.

Written by C. Fookes, BPharm on Jul 5, Other names: Birth control What are Contraceptives? Contraceptives are the name given to medicines and other devices that are used to prevent unwanted pregnancy.

Contraceptives may also be referred to as birth control. COCs prevent pregnancy by inhibiting the normal process of ovulation the release of an egg from an ovary and by altering the lining of the uterus the endometrium so that it is unable to support a fertilized egg.

They also change the viscosity stickiness of mucus within the cervix to make it hard for sperm to travel to the uterus. POPs mainly just change the viscosity of mucus and thin the endometrium; however, in some women, they may also prevent ovulation, although this is usually inconsistent. Hormonal contraceptives are available as pills oral contraceptives , injections, implants, intrauterine devices, patches, and vaginal rings.

Contraceptives are mostly used to help prevent women from becoming pregnant. Some hormonal contraceptives may also be prescribed to:. Emergency contraceptives are contraceptives that are taken or inserted if a copper IUD within a few days after unprotected sex to help prevent implantation of a fertilized egg and a possible resulting pregnancy.

There are several differences between contraceptives. The main difference is that some contain hormones whereas others do not. Hormone-containing contraceptives have more side effects than nonhormonal contraceptives. Combined oral contraceptives COCs contain an estrogen and a progestin to prevent ovulation the release of an egg from an ovary , thin the uterine lining, and thicken cervical mucus making it impenetrable to sperm.

Progestin-only contraceptives POPs contain just one hormone, progestin. Most work by thickening cervical mucus, preventing sperm from entering the uterus. POPs must be taken within the same three hours every day. Levonorgestrel ECPs work best if taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex; however, they are still moderately effective if used within five days of unprotected sex. The ulipristal ECP can be used within five days of unprotected sex. Hormonal contraceptives may not be suitable for some women especially those with certain types of cancer, at higher risk of clotting or strokes, liver disease , severe headaches, undiagnosed vaginal bleeding, uncontrolled high blood pressure or heart disease.

Nonhormonal methods of contraception are more suitable for these women. Women who are pregnant who still wish to protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections should use barrier methods of contraception such as condoms. Smoking increases the risk of serious heart side effects with COCs, including the ring or the patch.

COCs should NOT be used in women aged over 35 years who smoke because they are at higher risk of serious side effects such as heart attack, blood clots, or stroke. Certain medications and some supplements can make hormonal contraceptives less effective. Male or female condoms should be used in combination with hormonal contraceptives if protection against STIs is needed.

Nonhormonal contraceptives may be associated with irritation, itching, redness, or discomfort during sex. View by: Brand Generic. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Available for Android and iOS devices. Subscribe to Drugs.

This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - verify here. Skip to Content.

Contraceptives Written by C. Hormonal contraceptives consist of one or more synthetic female sex hormones. Hormonal contraceptives that contain both an estrogen and progestin are called combined oral contraceptives COCs.

Those that contain just progestin are called progestin-only contraceptives POPs. Nonhormonal contraceptives include condoms, diaphragms, sponges, spermicides, and cervical caps. What are contraceptives used for? Some hormonal contraceptives may also be prescribed to: Help with acne control Help regulate periods Prevent ovulation and pregnancy in women with primary ovarian insufficiency POI Reduce pain and cramping during menstruation Reduce the symptoms of endometriosis , polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS , premenstrual syndrome or premenstrual dysphoric disorder PMDD.

What are the differences between contraceptives? Some combined hormonal contraceptives also contain supplements such as iron or folic acid. Oral hormonal contraceptives: Combined hormonal contraceptives Combined oral contraceptives COCs contain an estrogen and a progestin to prevent ovulation the release of an egg from an ovary , thin the uterine lining, and thicken cervical mucus making it impenetrable to sperm. Lasts 3 to 10 years depending on the type, Implantable rods etonogestrel Nexplanon Small rod the size of a matchstick that is implanted under the skin of the upper arm.

Lasts up to 3 years. Female condom Synthetic latex FC2 Must be used every time that sex occurs. Provide some protection against STIs. Male condom Latex Polyurethane Polyisoprene Must be used every time that sex occurs. Cervical cap with spermicide Silicone FemCap Soft silicone Cup that covers the cervix and is inserted before sex. May cause irritation, and allergic reactions , and increase the risk of an abnormal Pap test. Sponge with spermicide Today sponge Soft polyurethane sponge that is inserted before sex and kept in place for six hours after sex.

Spermicide alone Must be used every time that sex occurs. Not very reliable. Are contraceptives safe? Serious side effects associated with hormonal contraceptives include: Blurred vision Chest pain and an increased risk of blood clots, heart attack and stroke Leg pain or swelling A severe headache Severe stomach pain.

For a complete list of severe side effects, please refer to the individual drug monographs. What are the side effects of contraceptives? Hormonal contraceptives have been associated with several different side effects such as: Acne Appetite changes Breast tenderness, enlargement or discharge Changes to menstrual flow, bleeding or spotting between periods, painful or missed periods Constipation or diarrhea Gingivitis inflammation of the gums Hair growth in unusual places Mood changes Nausea Skin color changes brown or black patches Stomach cramps or bloating Weight gain or loss Vaginal burning, discharge, irritation, itching, redness, or swelling Vomiting.

For a complete list of side effects, please refer to the individual drug monographs. Recently Approved. Biorphen Biorphen phenylephrine hydrochloride injection is an alpha-1 adrenergic Amzeeq Amzeeq minocycline is a topical foam formulation of the approved tetracycline Reyvow Reyvow lasmiditan is a serotonin 5-HT 1F receptor agonist indicated for the Subscribe to our newsletters. FDA alerts. Daily news summary. Weekly news roundup. Monthly newsletter. I accept the Terms and Privacy Policy.

Email Address. Explore Apps. About About Drugs. All rights reserved. Beyaz , Safyral , Rajani , Tydemy. Cryselle 28 , Low-Ogestrel , Ogestrel One patch is applied each week for every three weeks, then usually followed by a patch-free week. One ring is inserted into the vagina and remains in place continuously for three weeks, then removed for a one week break before a new ring is inserted. Small, T-shaped device that is inserted through the vagina into the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg.

Lasts 3 to 10 years depending on the type,. Implantable rods etonogestrel Nexplanon. Small rod the size of a matchstick that is implanted under the skin of the upper arm.

Male condom Latex Polyurethane Polyisoprene. Soft silicone Cup that covers the cervix and is inserted before sex. Soft polyurethane sponge that is inserted before sex and kept in place for six hours after sex. Must be used every time that sex occurs. My Choice Generic name: levonorgestrel. Plan B Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel.

Fallback Solo Generic name: levonorgestrel. Loestrin Fe 1. Necon 0. Option 2 Generic name: levonorgestrel. Next Choice Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel. Opcicon One-Step Generic name: levonorgestrel.

Next Choice One Dose Generic name: levonorgestrel. Kyleena Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel.

How often you have sex. Hormonal Methods. Studies looking at rates of pelvic pain reoccurrence after surgery have shown that continuous use of COCPs is more effective at reducing the recurrence of pain than cyclic use [37]. Contraceptive technology 18th ed. Liletta Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel.

List of approved contraceptives

List of approved contraceptives

List of approved contraceptives

List of approved contraceptives

List of approved contraceptives

List of approved contraceptives. Approved Methods of Birth Control

Subscribe to our newsletters. FDA alerts. Daily news summary. Weekly news roundup. Monthly newsletter. I accept the Terms and Privacy Policy. Email Address. Explore Apps. About About Drugs. All rights reserved. Beyaz , Safyral , Rajani , Tydemy. Cryselle 28 , Low-Ogestrel , Ogestrel One patch is applied each week for every three weeks, then usually followed by a patch-free week. One ring is inserted into the vagina and remains in place continuously for three weeks, then removed for a one week break before a new ring is inserted.

Small, T-shaped device that is inserted through the vagina into the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg. Lasts 3 to 10 years depending on the type,. Implantable rods etonogestrel Nexplanon. Small rod the size of a matchstick that is implanted under the skin of the upper arm. Male condom Latex Polyurethane Polyisoprene. Soft silicone Cup that covers the cervix and is inserted before sex. Soft polyurethane sponge that is inserted before sex and kept in place for six hours after sex.

Must be used every time that sex occurs. My Choice Generic name: levonorgestrel. Plan B Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel. Fallback Solo Generic name: levonorgestrel. Loestrin Fe 1. Necon 0. Option 2 Generic name: levonorgestrel. Next Choice Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel. Opcicon One-Step Generic name: levonorgestrel. Next Choice One Dose Generic name: levonorgestrel. Kyleena Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel.

Skyla Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel. Aftera Generic name: levonorgestrel. Microgestin 1. Norlyda Generic name: norethindrone. Mirena Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel. My Way Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel. Implanon Pro Generic name: etonogestrel. Ortho Micronor Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Take Action Generic name: levonorgestrel. Provera Pro Generic name: medroxyprogesterone. Liletta Pro Generic name: levonorgestrel.

Microgestin Fe 1. Gildess 1. Lyza Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Ogestrel 0. Sharobel Pro Generic name: norethindrone.

Aygestin Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Junel 1. Nexplanon Pro Generic name: etonogestrel. Gildess Fe 1. Jolivette Pro Generic name: norethindrone. EContra One-Step Generic name: levonorgestrel.

Heather Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Tulana Generic name: norethindrone. EContra EZ Generic name: levonorgestrel. Jencycla Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Nora-Be Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Blisovi Fe 1. Deblitane Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Errin Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Junel Fe 1. Depo-Provera Pro Generic name: medroxyprogesterone.

Depo-Provera Contraceptive Pro Generic name: medroxyprogesterone. Camila Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Nor-QD Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Larin Fe 1. Loestrin 21 1. Larin 1. Norlyroc Pro Generic name: norethindrone. Add rating. Aurovela 1. Hormone-containing contraceptives have more side effects than nonhormonal contraceptives. Some combined hormonal contraceptives also contain supplements such as iron or folic acid. Levonorgestrel ECPs work best if taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex; however, they are still moderately effective if used within five days of unprotected sex.

The ulipristal ECP can be used within five days of unprotected sex. Hormonal contraceptives are not recommended in women with certain types of cancer, at higher risk of clotting or strokes, liver disease, severe headaches, undiagnosed vaginal bleeding, uncontrolled high blood pressure or heart disease. Nonhormonal methods of contraception are more suitable for these women.

Women who are pregnant who still wish to protect themselves from sexually transmitted infections should use barrier methods of contraception such as condoms. Smoking increases the risk of serious heart side effects with COCs includes the hormonal ring or patch.

COCs should NOT be used in women aged over 35 years who smoke because they are at higher risk of serious side effects such as heart attack, blood clots, or stroke. Certain medications and some supplements can make hormonal contraceptives less effective. Male or female condoms should be used in combination with hormonal contraceptives if protection against STIs is needed.

Nonhormonal contraceptives may be associated with irritation, itching, redness, or discomfort during sex. The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition. Drug class: contraceptives , progestins. For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects. For professionals: Prescribing Information. Drug class: contraceptives. Drug class: contraceptives , sex hormone combinations.

For consumers: dosage , interactions ,. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Available for Android and iOS devices. Subscribe to Drugs. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - verify here. Skip to Content. What are Contraceptives Used For? However, sometimes hormonal contraceptives may also be prescribed to: Help with acne control Help regulate periods Prevent ovulation and pregnancy in women with primary ovarian insufficiency POI Reduce pain and cramping during menstruation Reduce the symptoms of endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS , premenstrual syndrome or premenstrual dysphoric disorder PMDD.

What are the Differences Between Contraceptives? The following are different types of contraceptives: Combined oral contraceptives COCs : These contain an estrogen and a progestin to prevent ovulation the release of an egg from an ovary , thin the uterine lining, and thicken cervical mucus making it impenetrable to sperm Progestin-only contraceptives POPs : These contain just one hormone, progestin.

Most work by thickening cervical mucus, preventing sperm from entering the uterus. Provides some protection against STIs Male condom: Contain either latex, polyurethane, or polyisoprene. Must be used every time that sex occurs. May irritate, cause allergic reactions, and increase the risk of an abnormal Pap test Sponge with spermicide: Soft polyurethane sponge that is inserted before sex and kept in place for six hours after sex Spermicide alone: Must be used every time that sex occurs.

Not very reliable. Is Contraception Safe? Some types of contraception may not be suitable for some people. Serious side effects associated with hormonal contraceptives include: Blurred vision Chest pain and an increased risk of blood clots, heart attack, and stroke Leg pain or swelling A severe headache Severe stomach pain Smoking increases the risk of serious heart side effects with COCs includes the hormonal ring or patch. Hormonal contraceptives have been associated with several different side effects such as: Acne Appetite changes Breast tenderness, enlargement or discharge Changes to menstrual flow, bleeding or spotting between periods, painful or missed periods Constipation or diarrhea Gingivitis inflammation of the gums Hair growth in unusual places Mood changes Nausea Skin color changes brown or black patches Stomach cramps or bloating Weight gain or loss Vaginal burning, discharge, irritation, itching, redness, or swelling Vomiting.

Off Label. Only Generics. Learn more about Birth Control Contraception Drugs. Pregnancy Category A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters. B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.

List of Contraceptives + Types & Side Effects - freesampleofviagra.com

If you do not want to get pregnant, there are many birth control options to choose from. No one product is best for everyone. Some methods are more effective than others at preventing pregnancy. The only sure way to avoid pregnancy is not to have any sexual contact. This page lists FDA-approved and cleared methods for birth control. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best method for you. Chance of getting pregnant with typical use Number of pregnancies expected per women who use this method for one year.

Does it protect me from sexually transmitted infections STIs? Learn more about the Sterilization Implant for Women. This method is for men who are sure they never want to have a child or do not want any more children.

If you are thinking about reversal, vasectomy may not be right for you. Sometimes it is possible to reverse the operation, but the likelihood of reversal decreases the more time passes between vasectomy and reversal. Reversal involves complicated surgery that might not work. If you want to get pregnant, you can stop using them at any time. What is it? A T-shaped device containing a progestin that is put into the uterus by a healthcare provider.

After giving you local anesthesia, a healthcare provider will put it under the skin of your arm with a special needle. This method is given as a shot injection every 3 months.

If you want to get pregnant, you can stop using this at any time. Prevent pregnancy by interfering with ovulation and possibly fertilization of the egg. If you keep it in place longer than 24 hours, there is a risk of toxic shock syndrome.

Toxic shock syndrome is a rare but serious infection. Spermicides containing N9 nonoxynol-9 can irritate the vagina and rectum. If you keep it in place longer than hours, there is a risk of toxic shock syndrome.

First, a healthcare provider needs to determine the correct cervical cap size for you. Then you need a prescription for the device. If you keep it in place longer than 48 hours, there is a risk of toxic shock syndrome. Consistent and correct use of the male latex condom reduces the risk of STIs. The condom cannot provide absolute protection against STIs.

A thin, lubricated pouch that is put into the vagina. Nitrile is also commonly used to make surgical gloves. When used in the vagina, the female condom reduces the risks of STIs. It should not be used as a regular form of birth control.

One large study showed 7 out of every 8 women who would have gotten pregnant did not become pregnant after taking emergency contraception; other studies have resulted in lower pregnancy prevention rates. For the best chance for it to work, you should take the pill as soon as possible within hours after unprotected sex. If you want to have children in the future. How often you have sex. How many sexual partners you have. If you will need a prescription or if you can buy the method over-the-counter.

The number of pregnancies expected per women who use a method for one year. For comparison, about 85 out of sexually active women who do not use any birth control can expect to become pregnant in a year.

This page lists pregnancy rates based on typical use. Typical use shows how effective the different methods are during actual use including sometimes using a method in a way that is not correct or not consistent. Tell your doctor, healthcare provider, or pharmacist if you: Smoke.

Have liver disease. Have blood clots. Have family members who have had blood clots. Are taking any other medicines, like antibiotics or daily prescription medicines. Are taking any herbal products, like St. Are breastfeeding. Have been pregnant recently. To avoid pregnancy: No matter which method you choose, it is important to follow all of the directions carefully. The best way to avoid pregnancy is to not have any sexual contact. One way is by tying and cutting the tubes — this is called tubal ligation.

The fallopian tubes also can be sealed using an instrument with an electrical current. They also can be closed with clips, clamps, or rings. Sometimes, a small piece of the tube is removed. How does it work? This stops you from getting pregnant.

It is supposed to be permanent. Sometimes it is possible to reverse the sterilization. Reversal involves another surgery that might not work. How do I get it? This is surgery. You will need general anesthesia. Chance of getting pregnant with typical use Number of pregnancies expected per women who use this method for one year Out of women who use this method, less than 1 may get pregnant. Small flexible, metal containing nickel coil that is put into the fallopian tubes with a special catheter through the vagina.

The device works by causing scar tissue to form around the coil. This blocks the fallopian tubes and stops the sperm from reaching the eggs. You need to use another birth control method during the first 3 months. You will need a special test to make sure the device is in the right place before you can stop your birth control. It is permanent. The devices are placed into the tubes using a camera placed in the uterus. You will probably need anesthesia.

Because it is inserted through the vagina, you do not need an incision cutting. No Learn more about the Sterilization Implant for Women. Sterilization Surgery for Men Vasectomy This method is for men who are sure they never want to have a child or do not want any more children.

This is a surgery a man needs only once. You need to use another form of birth control until a test shows there are no longer any sperm in the seminal fluid. Local anesthesia is used.

Chance of getting pregnant with typical use Number of pregnancies expected per women who use this method for one year Out of women whose partner has had a vasectomy, less than 1 may get pregnant. Some Risks. A T-shaped device containing copper that is put into the uterus by a healthcare provider. The IUD prevents sperm from reaching the egg, from fertilizing the egg, and may prevent the egg from attaching implanting in the womb uterus.

It does not stop the ovaries from making an egg ovulating each month. The copper IUD can be used for up to 10 years. After the IUD is taken out, it is possible to get pregnant. A doctor or other healthcare provider needs to put in the IUD. Some Side Effects Cramps Heavier, longer periods or spotting between periods.

IUD with progestin. It may thicken the mucus of your cervix, which makes it harder for sperm to get to the egg, and also thins the lining of your uterus. The IUD with progestin can be used for up to 3 to 5 years, depending on the type. You may need local anesthesia. Implantable Rod What is it? A thin, matchstick-sized rod that contains a progestin hormone.

It is put under the skin on the inside of your upper arm. It stops the ovaries from releasing eggs. It thickens the cervical mucus, which keeps sperm from getting to the egg. It can be used for up to 3 years.

List of approved contraceptives

List of approved contraceptives